About Peru

Peru

Peru, the richest country in the world, invites us to discover that it is not richer who has more but who experiences more unforgettable experiences. And to start living them you have to travel to Peru, a place where the diversity and authenticity of its culture, nature and gastronomy, keep the essence of life itself.

About Lima

Peru is a sum of traditions, cultures, languages. Peru is like the Amazon River, which is born from the union of several tributaries until it reaches its immensity. Peru was born this way, in the Peruvians blood flows indigenous, European, African and Eastern. This miscegenation is your strength and pride.

The pre-Hispanic cultures and the Incas managed to coexist in harmony with the rugged Peruvian geography. They dominated with wisdom a sea rich in fish and on the sands of the desert they raised pyramids that challenge time. In the Andes they made roads and bridges that are still used and built with their advanced engineering stone cities. In the jungle they adapted to nature and developed civilizations thanks to the protection of the Pachamama.

Part of these millenary cultures live today in each town and are discovered in the customs of the people. Arriving in Peru is to travel through time and rediscover the ancestral traces of the Incas, the Chancas, the Chachapoyas, the Mochicas and the Wari; as well as his great architectural works, his art, his parties, the roots of his social strength and the energy of his men.

To travel through Peru is to discover worlds with landscapes, sounds, colors and flavors of their own. Travel through time by millenarian civilizations and share with Peruvians its great cultural heritage. Search for information and enjoy countless destinations with emotions that are hard to forget. Experiences and memories that you will always carry with you.

Caral, the first civilization of America, pre-Hispanic cultures, the Inca Empire, the Inca fusion with the Hispanic world. Peru and its deserts, mountains, jungles and sea. Unforgettable landscapes. Flora, fauna and a great variety of cultural manifestations.

Peru is recognized in the world for its haute cuisine. The abundance of natural products, the fusion of techniques and cultures, forged in centuries a gastronomy with mestizo identity. The regional kitchens maintain their identity, quality and variety of flavors. Because of the excellent quality and passion of the Peruvian chefs, Lima has been named Gastronomic Capital of Latin America.

Peru, a country of adventure, history and hospitality. Peru, a world of sensations.

Culture

Con más de 10,000 años de historia, el Perú ostenta una gran riqueza multicultural y de tradiciones; cuenta con una deliciosa y laureada gastronomía; posee imponentes complejos arqueológicos; 12 patrimonios mundiales de la Unesco y vastas reservas naturales. Sin duda, se trata de uno de los países más variados del mundo.

El Perú está ubicado en la parte occidental de América del Sur. Su territorio limita con Ecuador, Colombia, Brasil, Bolivia y Chile. Está asentado sobre 1’285,215 km2 de terreno y 200 millas marinas del Océano Pacífico, así como 60 millones de hectáreas en la Antártida. Se estima que tiene una población que supera los 31.5 millones de habitantes.

Es el tercer país más grande de América del Sur y uno de los 20 más extensos del mundo –su área abarca más que los territorios de España y Francia juntos–. Al ser parte consultiva del Tratado Antártico, cuenta con una estación científica llamada ‘Machu Picchu’ en este continente.

El país está dividido en 25 regiones o departamentos, incluyendo a la provincia constitucional del El Callao, donde se ubica el principal puerto del Perú. La capital es Lima, ciudad fundada en el año 1535 por los españoles, convirtiéndose en la capital del Virreinato del Perú. Tras la independencia de 1821, pasó a ser la capital de la república.

El Perú es un país megadiverso. Cuenta con 11 ecorregiones y 84 zonas de vida de las 117 que existen en el mundo. Posee una enorme multiplicidad de paisajes debido a sus condiciones geográficas, lo que a su vez le otorga una gran diversidad de recursos naturales. En su territorio se pueden identificar tres grandes regiones, que ha sido la forma tradicional de dividirlo según sus altitudes: Costa, Sierra y Selva.

La Selva ocupa el 59% del territorio de este país y concentra al 12% de la población del país. La Sierra, dominada por la cordillera de los Andes, ocupa el 30% del territorio y alberga al 36% de la población. La Costa concentra a la mayoría de la población –el 52%– pese a ocupar el 11% del territorio nacional.

El español es el idioma oficial del Perú y es hablado por el 84% de la población. Además, en el país se hablan 47 lenguas nativas, incluyendo el quechua y el aymara, habladas por el 13% y 1.7% de la población, respectivamente.

En julio de 2016 asumió un nuevo gobierno, encabezado por el presidente Pedro Pablo Kuczynski del partido Peruanos por el Kambio. Este fue el cuarto gobierno elegido democráticamente después del gobierno transitorio del año 2000, que convocó a elecciones generales para el año siguiente, lo que evidencia la estabilidad política de este país.

Parties

The confluence of creeds, customs and experiences have created in the lives of Peruvians about 3,000 popular festivals a year, including patron saints, processions, carnivals and rituals, expression of faith in a God, respect for nature and the celebration of freedom. The parties in Peru have a mystical aspect, most manifest the fusion of Catholicism with the pre-Hispanic traditions of each region. The payment to the land is part of the main celebrations in all regions, under the concept of giving back to the Pachamama (Mother Earth) for her eternal generosity.

Music and Dance

Since pre-Hispanic times, music and dance have played an important role in Peruvian society. Ancient Peruvians used sea shells, reeds and even animal bones to produce sounds. It is said that the Peruvians of the Nazca culture were the most important pre-Hispanic musicians on the continent. Panpipes or zampoñas, terracotta trumpets and pututos were some of the most important musical instruments in ancient Peru. The music explored religious, war and secular themes.
Another result of its many cultures, Peru today has a rich and varied folklore and a wide diversity of both musical styles and dances, which combine indigenous genres and spirit with Hispanic influences, as well as modern styles that have adapted to the changes and tastes of society’s main social groups.

Idiosyncrasies

Peruvians are increasingly proud of their historical and cultural wealth, both past and present. After turning our backs on our Andean origins for centuries, modern Peru now fully recognises the value of the Andes and the Amazon for all that they represent in terms of resources and ancient traditions.
We are the oldest civilisation in South America. It was from Peruvian territory and our empire that neighbouring countries emerged. Peru was the political and productive centre of the region, with an excellent geographical location.
Modern Peru boasts entrepreneurs who have rediscovered their capacity to create new riches, businesses and services. The country has overcome difficult political and economic crises. Although Peru is still undergoing the consolidation of its State institutions, the country has now seen over two decades of democracy.
In general, Peru is welcoming, just like its people, who are incredibly attentive to visitors, with their food and many celebrations. Peruvians are passionate about football, and, as well as being the national sport, it is a great reason for family and friends to get together.
Peruvian people are very religious and Catholicism features prominently in their lives, but it exists peacefully alongside other belief systems.

Lima

In the north is the city of Caral, the oldest civilization of America, and to the south is the Archaeological Complex of Pachacamac. Lima’s history predates the colonial presence in the country. The establishment of the viceroyalty transformed the city into the main political and administrative center of South America.

During this period, significant churches, monasteries, mansions and balconies were built. The arrival of modernity didn’t transform the historic center, which is recognized as a World Heritage Site.

Museums with great works of art, archaeological sites, beaches, the boardwalk, valleys, natural reserves, the nightlife, the thrill of adventure sports, and the exquisite cuisine gives Peru’s capital an authentic personality and makes tourism in Lima a unique experience in the country.

Location: On the west central coast of Peru, on the shores of the Pacific Ocean.
Extension: Metropolitan Lima: 2,817 km2.

Climate

ARID AND SEMICLEID

Maximum temperature 27° C (81°F )
Minimum temperature 14° C (57°F )

Access roads

It is connected by the Pan-American Highway with several cities of the coast of Peru, Ecuador and Chile. Towards the east, the Central Highway allows communication with different cities of the sierra and the central jungle.

AERIAL ACCESS ROUTE

Regular flights to the main cities of the world from the Jorge Chávez International Airport (located in the Province of Callao, 40 minutes from the city of Lima).

Distances from the city of Lima

Lachay National Reserve 105 Km / 2 hours 30 minutes
Pachacamac 35 Km / 1 hour 10 minutes
Caral 206 Km / 4 hours
Lunahuaná 181 Km / 3 hours
Barranca 194 Km / 2 hours 30 minutes

Altitude

Minimum 3 msnm (Ancón)
Maximum 861 msnm (Chosica)

Attractions in the city

Lima Plaza Mayor (Main Square)

Visiting Hours : All day and night.
Location : Historic Centre of Lima.

Centre of the old colonial city. Around its edge are the Lima Cathedral, Government Palace and Provincial Municipal Authority of Lima. A highlight of the central part is a bronze fountain from the 17th century.

Lima Cathedral

Visiting Hours : Mon – Fri 9.00 am – 5.00 pm / Sat 10.00 am – 1.00 pm.
Location : Lima’s Plaza Mayor.

It occupies the site where the first major church in Lima once stood. It has an austere interior, although it is home to genuine historical treasures including the Baltasar Noguera choir stalls, several side altars and the remains of Francisco Pizarro. Tourists can also visit the Museum of Religious Art, which holds a significant collection of paintings, sculptures, chalices and chasubles.

Government Palace

Visiting Hours : Prior arrangement.
Location : Lima’s Plaza Mayor.

Residence of Francisco Pizarro (1535), who built it on the ground previously occupied by Taulichusco, chief of the Rímac valley. Since then, the site has been the centre of political power in Peru. The building was rebuilt in the 1920s after a fire. It has many courtyards and halls dedicated to important figures in Peruvian history which have been carefully decorated with outstanding works of art. Daily, at 11:45, the Patio de Honor (Honour Courtyard) is the setting for the changing of the guard under the responsibility of the glorious Battalion of the Hussars of Junín.

San Francisco Church and Convent

Visiting Hours : Mon – Sun 7.00 am – 11.00 am
Location : Jr. Ancash block 3.
Lima
A 17th-century archaeological complex. It includes the church, convent and plaza. The main façade of the temple was built using stone and features Corinthian columns. The façade boasts an open cornice with arches in which the Immaculate Conception is depicted. The cloisters area, decorated with tiles, houses the Museum of Vice-Royalty Art. The catacombs (subterranean galleries), which served as a cemetery during the colonial era, can also be visited.

Gastronomy House

Visiting Hours : Tuesday – Sunday 9.00 am – 5.00 pm. Free Admission.
Location : Jirón Conde de Superunda No 170.
Lima
The museum offers a tour through over 500 years of history and ancient wisdom, up to the fusion of flavours and the influence of other cultures on Peruvian cuisine. Located in the house of Lima’s old Post Office, next to the Government Palace, there are four rooms: the Permanent Hall, the Temporary Hall, the Multimedia Hall and the Pisco Hall, dedicated to our national drink. The tour also demonstrates the evolution of Peruvian cuisine, which also shows the products used in the present day.

ATTRACTIONS BEYOND THE CITY

Mamacona Estate (Lurín)

Visiting Hours : Daytime.
Location : Km 25 on the Panamericana Sur. 20 minutes from Lima.

A traditional manor house, whose owners have been involved in breeding Peruvian Paso horses for years. Twice a week they put on a show in which visitors can see the delights of these unique animals, accompanied by a dinner of regional food and a folkloric show.

Pachacámac Town (Lurín)

Visiting Hours : Daytime.
Location : 35 km south of Lima.

One of the last valleys of Lima. Visitors can take a tour through the Plaza de Armas and the Pisco Museum, followed by a walk through the Green Ravine and an eco-tourism tour through the Lúcumo Hills. Visitors can also see the Piedra del Amor (Love Stone) in the Cardal (a rock formation similar to a couple sitting down and embracing), as well as paragliding from the Punta Blanca Hill. An ideal setting for open-air sports.

Pachacámac Archaeological Complex (Lurín)

Visiting Hours : Mon – Sun 9.00 am – 4.00 pm (site’s museum).
Location : 31 km south of Lima, on the Panamericana Sur Highway (1 hour),Lima.

The most important commercial centre on the Peruvian coast since pre-Inca times. The site holds palaces, plazas and temples built with mud (some of which have been restored), among which the Temple of the Sun and the Acllahuasi are highlights. Both were built during the Inca era (1440-1533), in the best preserved sector. There is a site museum with items discovered during excavations.

Lunahuaná (Cañete)

Visiting Hours : Daytime and at night. Accommodation available.
Location : 181 km south of Lima.

This is a very fertile land where orchards and vineyards stretch along both sides of the Cañete River. Perfect for adventure sports or open-air activities, including rafting, mountain biking and hiking. It offers a varied cuisine, as well as delicious pisco and regional wines. In its surroundings, the Incahuasi archaeological site can be found, which dates back to the middle of the 15th century. The site has beautiful hanging bridges, temples and towns that can be toured on horseback.

Caral (Barranca)

Visiting Hours :Daytime.
Location : 206 km north of Lima, at km 184 on the Panamericana Norte.

The Caral Sacred City has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The site corresponds to the most ancient civilization in Peru and the Americas (5,000 years old). Together with Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, China and Mesoamerica, it is one of the cultures that allowed States, cities and great civilizations to flourish. Plazas at the foot of imposing pyramid constructions have been discovered. This is where inhabitants met to worship gods and exchange products, under the gaze of political and religious authorities.

GASTRONOMY

Cebiche
Fish fillet cut into pieces cooked with lemon, onion and hot Limo chilies.

Cau-cau
Stewed mondongo (tripe) cut into small pieces with potato, ‘palillo’ and mint.

Causa rellena
Yellow potato dough seasoned with ground chilies and filled with tuna or chicken.

Escabeche (pickle)
Fish or chicken, marinated in vinegar and slow-cooked in a pot crammed full of onions.

Anticuchos
Brochettes of cow hearts marinated in vinegar and ‘Panca’ chilies, roasted on the grill.

Choros a la chalaca
Mussels with onions and a pinch of chili pepper, seasoned with lemon juice.

Carapulcra
Steamed dried potatoes stewed with pork and chicken, ‘Panca’ and ‘Mirasol’ chilies, garlic and other spices.

Lomo saltado (Fried loin)
Strips of beef fried with onion, tomato, chilies and various herbs. Served with chips and rice.

ASIPI Lima 2019

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